In the three-and-a-half years since I’ve started this blog, I’ve written about issues from the Chinese, American, and Jewish perspective, but I’ve never yet written about what it’s like to be Chinese in a Jewish community. I didn’t feel ready, since identity is an ever-changing phenomenon, but an article in this past Friday’s New York Timeson a summer camp for Jews of color as well as its on-going series on race in America, made me stop to reflect on my experiences.
While I’ve heard of incidences of prejudice both overt— a family not wanting their daughter marrying into a family with a giyoret (female convert) or a Kallah teacher abusing a young bride with non-Jewish parents— and subtle, I’ve been incredibly fortunate. Maybe, it’s because I am of Chinese heritage– one generally regarded positively by the Jewish community— or that I was already an educated adult who could choose my own community and establish a network of friends. One cherished comment came from one of my oldest friends in the Jewish world, who told me that it would be alright with her even if I didn’t go through with the conversion process (as the Orthodox bet din is more strict than others). (As I’ve written earlier, I have a personal mission to eradicate the term, “Chinese auction,” but its usage stems not from outright racism, but rather from the insularity of some Jewish communities.)
Another important fact is that to the Orthodox, the only badge of membership that matters is one’s observance of the mitzvot (commandments). A secular Jew might have other means of identification, including having Jewish grandparents, or sillier ones like understanding the kind of blended Yiddish (Yinglish) spoken by most American Jews. The journalist, Samuel Freedman, wrote: “As the largest group of Jewish immigrants to the United States, those from Eastern Europe have set the cultural tone since the early 1900’s. Their folkways— bagels, Yiddish, New Deal politics, Borsht Belt jokes—became a virtual religion. Which meant that nobody from outside could ever get completely inside.” Fortunately for me, my religion is Yahadut (Judaism), not cultural folkways. Besides, I love the subtle spiciness of Sephardic cuisine over Ashkenazic gefilte fish and brisket, which I don’t eat anyway because I’m a vegetarian.
The children attending Camp Be’chol Lashon (In Every Tongue) felt marginalized in their home communities. For a while, I’d worried about how my children fared, in cultivating both of their dual heritages. Recently, I was startled to learn that my college-graduate daughter does not think of herself as “white,” being as she’s been raised by Chinese and Jewish parents. On the college campus, she experienced more quizzical looks and inquiries into her ancestry: Mexican? Filipina? Puerto Rican? She was more than pleased by the country having its first mixed-race President. My conviction is that the only heritages that matter are the ones that you honor by your values and the customs you maintain.
So, just as the first wave of Korean adoptive children benefitted from the Korean culture camps created by their white American parents— this tradition is continued today amongst the Chinese adoptees— maybe these Jews of color do need a camp of their very own. Maybe one day, they too will feel comfortable negotiating the dualities of their life. The Torah has 70 faces, teaches my Rabbi, so no one Jew has to feel or do exactly as the next. As the world gets smaller with world travel and Internet communication, a Jew should feel comfortable within her own skin. We too can feel as if we’d stood at the foot of Har Sinai where Moshe delivered the Ten Commandments.